Christina Hazard Environmental Microbial Genomics Group

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Laboratoire Ampere
Ecole Centrale de Lyon . France
(33) 472 18 65 14

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  Christina Hazard

Environmental Microbial Genomics Group
Laboratoire Ampère, UMR CNRS 5005
Ecole Centrale de Lyon
Université de Lyon
36 avenue Guy de Collongue
69134 Ecully cedex
  Phone: (33) 4 72 18 65 14
Fax: (33) 4 78 43 37 17



Ph.D. Environmental Biology, 2010, University College Dublin, Ireland
M.S. Environmental Biology, 2006, State University of New York- College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF), USA
B.S. Environmental Biology, 2003, SUNY-ESF, USA


My research is focused on understanding the distribution, genetic diversity and functioning of soil microorganisms in various ecosystems. I am particularly interested in mycorrhizal fungi. These abundant and widespread symbiotic fungi are important players in the regulation of biogeochemical cycling, and the biodiversity and interactions of above- and below-ground organisms.

 Current Projects:

  • Improving nitrogen fertiliser use efficiency and reducing N2O emissions in agriculture through utilisation of beneficial soil microorganisms.
  • Agriculture cropping system intensity and nitrogen fertiliser application effects on the diversity and functioning of soil microorganisms.
  • Diversity and functioning of soil microorganisms in organic amended agricultural soils.
  • Genome comparison and functionality between strains of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Laccaria bicolor.
  • Soil virus dynamics in soil and influence on microbial communities.


Hazard C, Johnson D. 2018. Does genotypic and species diversity of mycorrhizal plants and fungi affect ecosystem function? New Phytologist DOI:10.1111/nph.15010

Hazard C, Kruitbos L, Davidson H, Mbow FT, Taylor AFS, Johnson D. 2017. Strain identity of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Laccaria bicolor is more important than richness in regulating plant and fungal performance under nutrient rich conditions. Frontiers in Microbiology 8: 1874. 

Hazard C, Kruitbos L, Davidson H, Taylor AFS, Johnson D. 2016. Contrasting effects of intra- and interspecific identity and richness of ectomycorrhizal fungi on host plants, nutrient retention and multifunctionality. New Phytologist doi: 10.1111/nph.14184

Grubisha L.C., Dowie N.J., Miller S.L., Hazard C., Horton T.R., Trowbridge S.M. 2014. Rhizopogon Kretzerae sp. nov.: the rare fungal symbiont in the tripartite system with Pterospora andromedea and Pinus strobus. Botany 92:527-534. (

Hazard C., Boots B., Keith A.M., Mitchell D.T., Schmidt O., Doohan F.M., Bending G.D. 2014.Temporal variation outweighs effects of biosolids applications in shaping arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi communities on plants grown in pasture and arable soilsApplied Soil Ecology 82:52-60.

Hazard C., Gosling P., Mitchell D.T., Doohan F.M., Bending G.D. 2014. Diversity of fungi associated with hair roots of ericaceous plants is affected by land useFEMS Microbiology Ecology 87: 586-600.

Hazard C., Gosling P., van der Gast C., Mitchell D.T., Doohan F.M., Bending G.D. 2013. The role of local environment and geographical distance in determining community composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi at the landscape scale. ISME Journal 7: 498-508.

Hazard C., Lilleskov E.A., Horton T.R. 2012. Is rarity of pinedrops (Pterospora andromedea) in eastern North America linked to rarity of its unique fungal symbiont? Mycorrhiza 22: 393-402

Keith A., Boots B., Hazard C., Niechoj R., Arroyo J., Bolger T., Breen J., Clipson N., Doohan F.M., Griffin C.T., Schmidt O. 2012.Cross-taxa congruence, indicators and environmental drivers in soils under agricultural and extensive land managementEuropean Journal of Soil Biology 49: 55-62.

Schmidt O., Keith A.M., Arroyo J., Bolger T., Boots B., Breen J., Clipson N., Doohan F.M., Griffin C.T.Hazard C., Niechoj R. 2010. CréBeo – Baseline data, response to pressures, functions and conservation of keystone micro- and macro-organisms in Irish soils. Environmental Protection Agency, Ireland.

Kelsall N.*, Hazard C.*, Leopold D.J. 2004. Influence of climate factors on demographic changes in New York population of the federally-listed Phyllitis scolopendium (L.)Newm. var. americana. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 13: 161-168.



Postdoctoral Research Fellow, 2015- Ecole Centrale of Lyon, France

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, 2011-2014, University of Aberdeen, UK

Biology Instructor, 2011, University of Texas at Austin, USA

Teaching Assistant, 2006-2009, University College Dublin, Ireland

Teaching Assistant, 2001-2006, SUNY-ESF, USA

Research Assistant, 2001-2005, State University of New York Research Foundation, USA

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British use the term " University of Lyons " in some of their references to our institution.